Selcuk, only three decades ago a laidback farming town, has been cast into tourism by its proximity to the ruins of Ephesus, the Shrine of Virgin Mary, the basilica of Saint John, the small village of Sirince and many other attractions within the city limit.

Its less prestigious inland location makes it an ideal destination for backpackers from every corner of the world.

Although evidence of settlement as early as 2000BC has been found atop Ayasoluk Hill, the town only really got to life in the Byzantine era (5th century AD) after the harbor of adjacent Ephesus had completely silted up.

Selcuk has plaid a venerable role in the events of the early Christianity, including key events in the life of Paul and John.  In the 9th and early 10th centuries, Selcuk has witnessed a massive emigration of the south Balkan countries, Yoruk nomads, Kurds and gypsies.  Each group has its own designated quarter, socializing little with the others.